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Research group

Constituted in 2002, the aim of the Research Group is to help the SCoR fulfil its objectives, by encouraging all radiographers to use research in their practice and to promote radiography’s unique knowledge base.

Current members

Co-chair: Heidi Probst


David Evans

Susan Hopkins

Philip Plant

Jacqueline Matthew

Kathryn Taylor

Anne-Marie Culpan

Robert Meertens

Pam Shuttleworth

Ruth Strudwick

Helen McAlinney

Christopher Wright

Marius Mada

Gareth Hill

Council member: Philip Cosson

SoR Professional Officer: Rachel Harris

Members of the committee fulfil various functions, including contributing to both SCoR research activity and to the development of responses for national and international consultations on research related matters. They oversee, on behalf of UK Council and the College Board of Trustees, the administration of research awards that are given annually.

Click here to access the Group's Work Plan.

Dr Heidi Probst, PhD, MA, BSc (Hons), FCR

Senior Lecturer in Radiotherapy & Oncology
Tel: 0114 2254359
Email Heidi


Heidi completed her PhD in 2002; a randomised controlled trial (n=360) investigating radiotherapy for breast cancer.

Recent work

Heidi is a Reader in Radiotherapy at Sheffield Hallam University where she has worked as a lecturer and researcher since 2001. Prior to this, she spent 14 years in clinical practice in the NHS, mostly in the radiotherapy department at Yorkshire Centre for Clinical Oncology, Leeds; specialising in pre-treatment simulation (Superintendent II).

At Sheffield Hallam University she teaches breast cancer radiotherapy, research methods and supervise MSc and doctoral students. Heidi is also a research team leader for the Radiotherapy and Oncology team.

Heidi is currently principle investigator on 1 funded project The Support 4 All study (to develop an immobilisation device for women undergoing radiotherapy following surgery for a diagnosis of breast cancer), and co-investigator on an inter-professional study investigating the development of professional resilience. 

Heidi has an interest in the e-learning and use of mobile technology to enhance opportunities for research development. She has developed a smartphone app with the company MyKnowledgeMap to enhance AHPs research skills (The RAHP app).

In 2011, Heidi was awarded a Fellowship from the College of Radiographers (CoR) for contribution to the science of radiography. She is currently co-chair of the CoR research group and chair of the CoR research funding panel, a member of the National Radiotherapy Workforce Group and an NIHR Allied Health Professions research mentor.

Research interests/current work

Radiotherapy for breast cancer. SuPPORT 4 All study: Funded by an Engineering for Life grant, Weston Park Hospital Charity Appeal and a Proof of Concept fund.

Developing Professional Resilience. Funded by The Imagine Project (Sheffield Hallam University).

Research collaborations

Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust - radiotherapy department
Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust - St James Institute for Oncology
Salford University - diagnostic imaging research group, Centre for Health, Sport, and Rehabilitation Sciences Research Centre


1. Probst H, Bragg, Christopher, Dodwell, David, Green, David, Hart, John. A systematic review of methods to immobilise breast tissue during adjuvant breast irradiation. Radiography. in press.
2. H. Probst AE, D. Eddy, J. Cumming. DEVELOPING INTRAPRENEURIAL RADIATION THERAPISTS: THE 2INSPIRE PROJECT. Radiotherapy and oncology 2012; 103 S612-S.
3. H. Probst AT, C. Bragg, D. Dodwell, S. Haake, J. Hart, D. Green, P. Shuttleworth. SUPPORT POSITIONING AND ORGAN REGISTRATION DURING BREAST CANCER IRRADIATION: THE SUPPORT 4 ALL STUDY. Radiotherapy and oncology 2012;103:S376-S7.
4. Probst H, Griffiths S, Adams R, Hill C. Burnout in therapy radiographers in the UK. Br J Radiol. 2012;85(1017):e760-5.
5. Heidi Probst AE, David Eddy, and Jade Cummings. 2 INSPIRE: Increasing Intrapreneurial Skills through Pedagogy. Health and Social Care Education 2013;2(1):25-9.
6. Harris R, Probst H, Beardmore C, James S, Dumbleton C, Bolderston A et al.       Radiotherapy skin care: A survey of practice in the UK. Radiography 2012; 18(1):21-27
7. Probst H, Gallagher, Helen L,Harris, Rachel. Research and the radiography   profession: A strategy for research 2010–2015. Radiography. 2011;17(4):268-9.
8. Probst H, Eddy A, Garth A. Supporting the Academic Development of Advanced Practice in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain)). 2011;23(3):S16.
9. Probst H, Griffiths S. Job satisfaction of therapy radiographers in the UK: Results of a phase I qualitative study. Radiography. 2009;15(2):146-57.
10. Probst H, Eddy D, Doughty J, Hodgson D. Integrating E-learning into Postgraduate Radiotherapy and Oncology: A Case Study. E-Learning and Digital Media 2009; 6(4):364-372
11. Probst H, Griffiths S. Time for a Change: Is it Time to Consider Job Redesign for Therapy Radiographers? Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain)). 2007;19(3):S43.
12. Probst H, Dodwell, D, Gray, J.C, Holmes, M. An evaluation of the accuracy of semi-permanent skin marks for breast cancer irradiation. Radiography. 2006;12(3):186-8.
13. Probst H, Griffiths S. Moving to a high-tech approach to the irradiation of early breast cancer: is it possible to balance efficacy, morbidity and resource use? Clinical oncology. 2006;18(3):268-75.
14. Probst H, Dodwell, D, Gray, J, Holmes, M. Radiotherapy for breast carcinoma: an evaluation of the relationship between the central lung depth and respiratory symptoms. Radiography. 2005;11(1):3-9.
15. Probst H, Holmes M, Dodwell D. Radiotherapy waiting times, resources and protocols for breast carcinoma: a survey of UK radiotherapy centres. Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice. 2003;3(03):113-21.
16. Probst H, Griffiths S. Increasing the work speed of radiographers: the effect on the accuracy of a set-up of a complex shaped cranial field, part of a matched cranio spinal junction. Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. 1996;38(3):241-5.
17. Vrouvas J, Dodwell D, Ash D, Probst H. Split course radiotherapy for bladder cancer in elderly unfit patients. Clinical oncology. 1995;7(3):193-5.

Book Chapter
Probst H, Brealey S. Health Technology Assessment. In: Ramlaul A, editor. Medical Imaging and Radiotherapy Research: Skills and Strategies. 1st ed. London: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2010. 123-156
Probst H, Eddy D, Doughty J, Hodgson D. Integrating E-learning into Postgraduate Radiotherapy and Oncology: A Case Study. E-Learning and Digital Media 2009; 6(4):364-372

Sue Hopkins

Sue Hopkins graduated from the Exeter University Medical Imaging program in 2009. During her degree she developed a keen interest in research and continued at Exeter undertaking her PhD, supported by a grant awarded by the Society and College of Radiographers Industry Partnership Scheme (CORIPS).

Sue is an HCPC registered radiographer and, following a year as a post-doctoral research fellow, now works as a lecturer on the University of Exeter Medical Imaging program and also supports clinical staff undertaking their doctorate in clinical research. Her key research area is in the use of current & innovative imaging techniques to research & diagnose changes in bone quantity, quality, morphology and mechanical properties. She has a particular interest in the pathologies of osteopenia, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis alongside the orthopaedic surgical techniques associated with degenerative bone conditions.


  1. Hopkins S.J. Response to 'Precision Error in Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Body Composition Measurements in Elite Male Rugby League Players'. Journal of Clinical Densitometry JULY 2015
  2. Knapp KM, Meertens RM, Ashton LR, Hopkins SJ.  Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry beyond bone mineral density measurement: vertebral fracture assessment. Imaging and Oncology. 2015; 48-53
  3. Knapp KM, Welsman JR, Hopkins SJ, Shallcross A, Fogelman I, Blake GM. Obesity increases precision errors in total body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry measurements. Journal of Clinical Densitometry 18(2):209-216 01 Apr 2015 
  4. Birch, C., et al., SpineAnalyzer™ is an accurate and precise method of vertebral fracture detection and classification on dual-energy lateral vertebral assessment scans. Radiography. DOI:
  5. SJ Hopkins, M Brown, AD Toms, JR Welsman, KM Knapp. Effects of leg fracture on bone mineral density at the hip in a female postmenopausal population: implications for fracture liaison services. Osteoporosis International. 2014 November;23(Supplement 6):S691.
  6. Meakin J. Hopkins S and Clarke A.  Statistical shape models of thoracic vertebral morphology. British Scoliosis Society Annual Meeting - 9th-10th October 2014, Bristol UK. 
  7. Luke J. Connolly, Suzanne ScottMagni MohrGiorgos Ermidis, Ross JulianJens BangsboSarah R. JackmanJoanna L. BowtellRosemary C. DaviesSusan J. HopkinsRichard SeymourKaren M. KnappPeter KrustrupJonathan Fulford. Effects of small-volume soccer and vibration training on body composition, aerobic fitness, and muscular PCr kinetics for inactive women aged 20-45. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 01/2014; DOI: 10.13140/2.1.3731.1363
  8. SJ Hopkins, AD Toms, M Brown, JR Welsman, KM Knapp. Effects on function, bone mineral density and lean tissue mass 12 months following total knee replacement in a female postmenopausal population. Annual Joint UK Radiological Congress; 9-11 June; Manchester 2014. 
  9. Susan J Hopkins, Joanne R Welsman, Karen M Knapp. Short-term Precision Error in Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry, Bone Mineral Density and Trabecular Bone Score Measurements; and Effects of Obesity on Precision Error.  Journal of Biomedical Graphics and Computing. 2014;4(2):8-14 
  10. Hopkins S, Smith C, Toms A, Brown M, Welsman J, Knapp K. Evaluation of a dual-scales method to measure weight-bearing through the legs, and effects of weight-bearing inequalities on hip bone mineral density and leg lean tissue mass. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2013;45(2):206-10.
  11. Waterson HB, Hopkins SJ, Knapp kToms AD. Effect of kinematic alignment on peri-prostheic bone mineral density, after total knee arthroplasty. BASK; 01/2013
  12. Hopkins SJ, Knapp KM, Parker DA, Yusof R. Effect of bone area on bone-mineral-density and trabecular-bone-score measurements at the lumbar spine. Bone Joint J 2013;95-B(Supp13 53) 
  13. Hopkins SJ, Knapp KM, Parker DA, Yusof R. Short-term precision error in Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Bone-Mineral-Density and Trabecular-Bone-Score measurements; and effects of obesity. Bone Joint J 2013;95-B(Supp13 54)
  14. Hopkins S, Smith C, Toms A, Brown M, Welsman J, Knapp K. Left-right weight-bearing:short and long-term measurement precision, and effects of weight-bearing imbalance on hip bone mineral density and leg lean tissue mass. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, British Volume. 2012 August 1, 2012;94-B(Supplement XXXVI):81.
  15. Hopkins SJ, Smith CW, Toms AD, Brown M, Welsman JR, Knapp KM. A study investigating the long-term effects on function, bone mineral density and lean tissue mass post total knee replacement in a female postmenopausal population. Osteoporosis International. 2012 July;23(Supplement 5):S552. 
  16. Hopkins SJ, Smith CW, Toms AD, Brown M, Appelboam A, Welsman JR, et al. Relationship between spine Bone Mineral Density and Trabecular Bone Score in postmenopausal populations following total knee replacement or leg fracture. Osteoporosis International. 2012 July;23(Supplement 5):S582.
  17. Hopkins SJ, Smith CW, Toms A, Brown M, Welsman JR, Knapp KM. A pilot study investigating the long-term effects on function, bone mineral density and lean tissue mass post fracture in a female postmenopausal population.  Annual Joint UK Radiological Congress; 25-27 June; Manchester 2012.
  18. Karen M. KnappCallum Birch, Susan J. Hopkins, Sarah GallimoreBenjamin Rock. SpineAnalyser: Precision and Agreement using Dual-Energy Lateral Vertebral Assessment Scans. Annual Joint UK Radiological Congress; 25-27 June; Manchester 2012.
  19. Knapp KM, Welsman JR, Hopkins SJ, Fogelman I, Blake GM. Obesity Increases Precision Errors in Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Measurements. Journal of Clinical Densitometry. 2012; 15(3):315-9

Researchgate Profile:

Jacqueline Matthew

Jackie is an experienced Sonographer specialising in Obstetric and Gynae Ultrasound, obtaining her MSc in Medical Ultrasound at King's College London (KCL). She qualified in Diagnostic Radiography in 2000, and her previous experience includes CT and MRI, including research MRI at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, KCL. She has been working with The Centre for the Developing Brain, St Thomas' since 2014, providing support to the academic team and performing research scans along side her clinical role. Recently awarded a Research Training Fellowship with the Biomedical Research Centre at GSTT/KCL, Jackie is completing her MClinRes with her study being embedded in the Intelligent Fetal Imaging and Diagnosis project ( ( Research interests include comparative fetal imaging studies involving 2DUS, 3DUS and MRI in clinical practice.


Rob Meertens

Rob has worked as a Medical Imaging Lecturer at the University of Exeter (UoE) since March 2013. He teaches on undergraduate modules covering clinical placements, pathology and radiographic equipment and part of his teaching role, which also includes supervising undergraduate projects and Masters by Research students.

Rob’s education in diagnostic radiography began during his Bachelor of Applied Science (Medical Radiation Technology) at Queensland University of Technology, which was completed in 2003 with distinction. Rob has since had over nine years’ ongoing clinical experience as a diagnostic radiographer, including expertise in computed tomography, coronary angiography, neurological angiography and bone mineral densitometry. An interest in CT colonography led Rob to successfully completing an MSc in Health Services Research at the University of York with distinction. This included a systematic review and meta-analysis on the accuracy of radiographer reporting of intra-luminal pathology on CT Colonography examinations. This piece of work went on for publication in Clinical Radiology and for presentation at UKRC 2012. Dissemination was financially supported by the College of Radiographers Industry Partnership Scheme (CoRIPS Application 051).

Rob also now peer reviews for Radiography and the Cochrane Collaboration's Diagnostic Test Accuracy Editorial Board.  He is an active member of the South West's Council for Allied Health Professions Research (SW-CAHPR).

Rob is also currently undertaking a PhD with support from the CoRIPS Doctoral Fellowship Grant.  This research project is investigating the microvascular health of bone tissue in people with type 2 diabetes using a novel diagnostic technique: near infrared spectroscopy.


- Meertens R, Brealey S, Nightingale J, McCoubrie P. (2013) Diagnostic accuracy of radiographer reporting of computed tomography colonography examinations: A systematic review, Clinical Radiology; 68(4):e177-90.

- Knapp, KM, Meertens R, Seymour, R. (2013) Imaging in osteoporosis, Geriatric Medicine; 10.

- Meertens R, Strain WD, Knapp KM. (2015) A review of the mechanisms, diagnosis and preventative treatment options of osteoporotic fragility fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism; 5(1-2):157-162.

- Knapp KM, Meertens R, Ashton L, Hopkins S. (2015) Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry beyond bone mineral density measurement: vertebral fracture assessment.  Imaging and Oncology; 2015; 48-53.

- Susan Jane Rimes, Danial Fox, Karen M. Knapp, Robert Meertens. (2015) The development and evaluation of an audit tool for measuring reporting accuracy of radiographers compared with radiologists for intra-luminal pathology detected at computed tomography colonography (CTC); Radiography 04/2015; 21(3). DOI:10.1016/j.radi.2015.01.002

- Meertens R. (2016) Utilisation of a peer assisted learning scheme in an undergraduate diagnostic radiography module; Radiography 22(1):e69-e74

- Meertens, R. M., et al. (2016). The use of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) as a diagnostic tool to measure microvascular haemodynamics in bone tissue. Osteoporosis International, Vol27(Sup2), S636-S637.

- Meertens RM, Knapp KM, Strain WD, Casanova F. (2016) The Effects of Lumbar Sympathectomy on Bone and Soft Tissue Haemodynamics of the Leg recorded using Near Infrared Spectroscopy: A Case Report. Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics; 3:28-32.

Dr Ruth Strudwick DProf MSc BSc(Hons) CTCert PGCE

Associate Professor, Diagnostic Radiography

01473 338543

I am a Diagnostic Radiographer by background.  I am an Associate Professor, before that been a Senior Lecturer from 2011-2015, and a Lecturer from 2003 – 2011.  Before that I worked as Clinical Lecturer at The Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust and as a Diagnostic Radiographer at The Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust.

In 2011 I completed my professional doctorate which was entitled ‘An ethnographic study of the culture in a Diagnostic Imaging Department’.

I teach on several courses at the University of Suffolk and I am interested in interprofessional working, clinical education and work-based culture.

I am the course leader for the Interprofessional programme which includes all pre-registration health and social care students.  I am also the deputy course leader and practice placement lead for the BSc(Hons) Diagnostic Radiography course.

Outside of work my interests include church, Girlguiding, hockey and music.


Kathryn Taylor

Kathryn has worked at the Cambridge Breast Unit since 2005.  After completing an MSc she was made consultant breast radiographer in 2011.  Commensurate with a consultant role Kathryn has commitments to research, teaching and professional leadership and development in addition to her autonomous clinical workload.  Kathryn is based at the breast unit but regularly teaches on both undergraduate and post graduate radiography courses.  She has also secured external funding from Macmillan cancer support to enable further advanced practice training within her department. She is currently mentoring 2 advanced practitioners towards masters’ degrees.  Their posts have allowed re organisation of clinical workflow and audit of this has already demonstrated reduction in patient waiting time and improved patient experience.  Current workforce issues facing radiography and particularly breast imaging are of particular interest to Kathryn and she has recently undertaken collaborative work with an HEI investigating provision of mammography within the undergraduate radiography curriculum.

Kathryn has led several grant funded projects and in addition to publishing she disseminates her research through posters and presentations, speaking both nationally and internationally.  She was the first allied health professional to win the prize for best scientific oral presentation at the British Society of Breast Radiologists conference in 2010.  Kathryn is currently applying for funding to follow up on her recent curriculum study and is leading 2 multicentre studies, one investigating breast cancers presenting as mammographically occult, the other investigating breast cancers presenting as screening interval cancers which have previously been assessed.

Kathryn is a reviewer for Clinical Radiology, British Journal of Radiology and Radiography.


1.     Microbubble detection and Ultrasound guided Biopsy of axillary Lymph nodes in patients with Early Breast Cancer

P Britton, P Willsher, K Taylor , F Kilburn-Toppin, E Provenzano, P Forouhi, J Benson, A Agrawal, J Forman, M Wallis accepted for publication in Clinical Radiology Jan 2017

2.     An investigation into breast imaging as part of the undergraduate (UG) education of diagnostic radiography students in the UK.

R. Strudwick, K. Taylor accepted for publication in Radiography Jan 2017

3.     Comparing the use and interpretation of PGMI scoring to assess the technical quality of screening mammograms in the UK and Norway

M. Boyce, R. Gullien, D. Parashar, K. Taylor. Radiography 2015; 21 342-347

4.     The diagnostic value of clinical examination and imaging in used as part of an age-related protocol when diagnosing male breast disease: an audit of 1141 cases from a single centre.

        K Taylor, V Ames, M Wallis. The Breast 2013 22 268-272

5.     Core biopsy of breast lesions. Kathryn Taylor, Peter D Britton. Book chapter in; Early Breast Cancer; From   

screening to multidisciplinary management, third edition. Edited by

       John R Benson, Gerald Gui and Todd M Tuttle CRC Press 2013

6.     Measuring the accuracy of diagnostic imaging in symptomatic breast patients: team and individual performance.

Britton P, Warwick J, Wallis MG, O’Keeffe S, Taylor K, Sinnatamby R, Barter S, Gaskarth M, Duffy SW, Wishart GC. British Journal of Radiology 2012; 85: 415-422

7.     Ultrasound Elastography As an Adjuvant To Conventional Ultrasound In the Preoperative assessment of Axillary Lymph Nodes In Suspected Breast Cancer: A Pilot Study 

        K Taylor, S O’Keeffe, P D Britton, M G Wallis, G M Treece, J Housden, D Parashar, S Bond, R Sinnatamby.   

        Clinical Radiology 2011 Nov 66 (11) 1064-11

8.     Quantification of the UK Five Point Breast Imaging Classification and Mapping to BI-RADS to Facilitate Comparison with International Literature

K Taylor, P D Britton, M G Wallis, S O’Keeffe. British Journal of Radiology 2011 84, 1005-1010

9.  Accuracy of unidimentional and volumetric ultrasound measurements in predicting good pathological response to neo adjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients Gounaris I, Provenzano E, Vallier AL, Hiller L, Iddawela M, Hilborne S, Taylor K, Britton P, Earl HM, Sinnatamby R. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2011 Jun;127(2):459-69.

10.   Measuring the accuracy of diagnostic imaging in symptomatic breast patients: team and individual performance.

        P Britton, J Warwick, M G Wallis, S O’Keeffe, K Taylor R Sinnatamby, S Barter, M Gaskarth, S W Duffy, G C  

       Wishart. British Journal of Radiology 2011 Jan 11. [Epub ahead of print]

David Evans

David graduated from the University of the West of England in 2012. In the same year he started his PhD at Cardiff university. David's thesis focuses on the adaptational experience of oropharyngeal cancer patients, using qualitative methods. David has a particular interest in interpretative phenomenological analysis.

David is currently working as a senior therapeutic radiographer at Cheltenham oncology centre.

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