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19. References

1. Directive 2013/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of June 26 2013 on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (electromagnetic fields) (20th individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC)

2. MHRA Device Bulletin  Safety Guidelines for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Equipment in Clinical Use     March 2015

3. Society and College of Radiographers and the British Association of Magnetic Resonance Radiographers Safety in Magnetic Resonance Imaging London: SCoR, 2013

4. The Society and College of Radiographers  Scope of Practice of Assistant Practitioners  London: SCoR, 2012

5. IPEM Policy Statement: Scientific Safety Advice to Magnetic Resonance Imaging Units that     Undertake Human Imaging. 2013

6. Health and Care Professions Council  Standards of conduct, performance and ethics. London: HCPC, 2016.

7. The Society and College of Radiographers  Consent to Imaging and Radiotherapy Treatment Examinations  London: ScoR, 2007

8. The Society and College of Radiographers  Consent and Adults with impaired capacity. London: SCoR, 2010

9. The Society and College of Radiographers  Patient Identification, Confidentiality and Consent: Further Guidance. London: SCoR, 2009

10. The Society and College of Radiographers. The Role of the Radiographer in Magnetic Resonance Imaging. London: SCoR, 2015

11. The Society and College of Radiographers. The Scope of Practice  London: SCoR, 2013

12. The Society and College of Radiographers. Principles of safe staffing for radiography leaders  London: SCoR, 2015

13. Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) Approved Code of Practice and Guidance: Health and Safety Executive: HSE Books: Norwich

14. Health and Safety Executive Working Alone. Health and safety guidance on the risks of lone working. HSE, 2013  http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg73.pdf

15. Public Health England  (HPA) Protection of Patients and volunteers undergoing MRI Procedures Advice from the Health Protection Agency  London: HPA, 2008

16. International Committee on Non-ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Guidelines on Exposure to Static Magnetic Fields, 2009

17. International Committee on Non-ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Amendment to the ICNIRP “Statement on Medical Magnetic Resonance(MR) procedures  Protection of Patients”, 2009

18. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) International, Designation: F2503-05. Standard Practice for Marking Medical Devices and Other Items for Safety in the Magnetic Resonance Environment. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2005

19. Ham CL, Engels JM, van de Weil GT et al. Peripheral Nerve Stimulation during MRI: Effects of high gradient amplitudes and switching rates. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 1997; 7(5): 933-937

20. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Medical Electrical equipment. Particular requirements for the basic safety and performance of magnetic resonance equipment for medical diagnosis .6061-2-33 3rd Edition,  Corrigendum 1 2012

21. Pietryga, J A et al Invisible Metallic Microfiber in Clothing Presents Unrecognized MRI Risk for Cutaneous Burn 2012 as 10.3174/ajnr.A2827

22. Jacob ZC, Tito MF, Dagum AB .MR imaging–related electrical thermal injury complicated by acute carpal tunnel and compartment syndrome: case report. Radiology 2010; 254(3): 846–850

23. Health and Safety Executive  The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH) No. 2677  6th Edition 2013  http://www.hse.gov.uk/pUbns/priced/l5.pdf

24. Shellock FG. Reference manual for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Implants and Devices: 2012 Edition Biomedical Research Publishing Group, Los Angeles, CA.

25. Shellock FG.  http://www.mrisafety.com/    

26. van den Brink J, Possanzini C, van Meel M   Simplify scanning of patients with MR Conditional implants   Philips Scanwise Implant 2016-06-29

https://www.usa.philips.com/b-dam/b2bhc/master/events/ISMRM2016/philips-...

27. http://www.biotronik.com/en/de/28956

28. Medtronic Surescan®  MRI and Pacemakers   http://www.medtronic.com/surescan/index.html

29. The Society and College of Radiographers  IR(ME)R 2000 and IR(ME) Amendment Regulations 2006 & 2011  London:SCoR, 2012

30. Royal College of Radiologists.  Standards for intravenous contrast administration to adult patients. 3rd edition.  London: RCR, 2015

https://www.rcr.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Intravasc_contrast_web.pdf

31. Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999.  No 3242  London: HMSO

32. The Society and College of Radiographers  Health and Safety and Pregnancy in Clinical Imaging and Radiotherapy Departments: A Guide for pregnant women, breast feeding women. London: SCoR, 2011

33. The Society and College of Radiographers   Course of Study for the Certification of Competence in Administering Intravenous Injections  London: SCoR, 2011

34. European Medicines Agency, 2009  European Medicines Agency makes recommendations to minimise risk of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis with gadolinium-containing contrast agents http://www.emea.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Press_release/2009...

35.  McDonald RJ et al  Intracranial Gadolinium Deposition after Contrast-enhanced MR Imaging   Radiology 2015; 275(3): 772-782

36.  Miller JH et al  MRI Brain Signal Intensity Changes of a Child During the Course of 35   Gadolinium Contrast Examinations  Pediatrics, 2015; 136(6):e 1637-1640

37. Ramalho J et al  Gadolinium Based Contrast Agent Accumulation and Toxicity: An Update  American Journal of Neuroradiology 2016; 37(7):1192-1198

38.  European Medicines Agency EMA reviewing gadolinium contrast agents used in MRI scans, 2016 http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Referrals_document/...

39. Health and Safety Executive  Control of Electromagnetic Fields at Work Regulations 2016    UK2016 05177 05/2016 19585

40. Health and Safety Executive   A guide to the Control of Electromagnetic Fields at Work Regulations 2016 (HSG 281)

41.  Health and Safety Executive Northern Ireland  The Control of Electromagnetic Fields at Work Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2016

42.  Explanatory memorandum to the Control of Electromagnetic fields at Work Regulations Northern Ireland 2016      S.R. 2016 No. 266

43.  Health and Safety Executive  CEMFAW Regulations, 2016: Certificate of exemption No. 1, 2016

44. Health and Safety Executive Northern Ireland  CEMFAW NI Regulations 2016: Certificate of exemption No 1, 2016

45. Non-binding guide to good practice for implementing Directive 2013/35/EU Electromagnetic Fields - Volume 1 - Practical guide  (11/11/2015)  © European Union, 2015

46. Non-binding guide to good practice for implementing Directive 2013/35/EU Electromagnetic Fields - Volume 2 - Practical guide  (11/11/2015)  © European Union, 2015

47. Non-binding guide to good practice for implementing Directive 2013/35/EU Electromagnetic Fields- Guide for SMEs (11/11/2015) © European Union, 2015

(All links accessed September 2016)
 

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