Doc menu

11. References and Bibliography

ABBAS, H. and BENSADOUN, R-J. 2012. Trolamine emulsion for the prevention of radiation dermatitis in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Supportive Care in Cancer,  20: 185-90.

ANDREASSEN, C. and ALSNER J. 2009. Genetic variants and normal tissue toxicity after radiotherapy: a systematic review. Radiotherapy and  Oncology, 92: 299-309.

AISTARS, J. 2006. The validity of skin care protocols followed by women with breast cancer receiving external radiation. Clin J Oncol Nurs, 10: 487-92.

AISTARS, J. and VEHLOW, K. 2007. A pilot study to evaluate the validity of skin care protocols followed by women with breast cancer receiving external radiation. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 69, S588-S589.

BADIE, C., DZIWURA, S., RAFFY, C., TSIGANI, T. and  ALSBEIH, G. 2008. Aberrant CDKN1A transcriptional response associates with abnormal sensitivity to radiaiton treatment. British Journal of Cancer, 98: 1845-51.

BARBER, J., BURRILL, W., SPREADBOROUGH, A., LEVINE, E., WARREN, C., KILTIE, A., ROBERTS, S. and SCOTT, D. 2000. Relationship between in vitro chromosomal radiosensitivity of peripheral blood lymphocytes and the expression of normal tissue damage following radiotherapy for breast cancer. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 55: 179-186.

BARKHAM, A. 1993. Radiotherapy skin reactions and treatments. Prof Nurse, 8: 732-6.

BARNETT, G., WILKINSON, J., MOODY, A., WILSON, C., TWYMAN, N., WISHART, G., et al. 2011. The Cambridge Breast Intensity-modulated Radiotherapy Trial: patient- and treatment-related factors that influence late toxicity. Clinical Oncology, 23(10):662-73.

BENNETT, C. 2009. An investigation into the use of a non-metallic deodorant during radiotherapy

treatment: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice, 8: 3-9.

BENNETT, N., SUTHERLAND, A., PATERSON, D., POONAM, P., PESZYNSKI, R., VAN BEEKHUIZEN, M. JASPERSE, M. and HERST, P. 2013. Randomized Intra-Patient Controlled Trial of Mepilex®Lite Dressings vs. Aqueous Cream in Managing Radiation-Induced Skin Reactions Post-Mastectomy. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences., 44(1): 46.

BERNIER, J., BONNER, J., VERMORKEN, J., BENSADOUN, R-J., DUMMER, R., GIRALT, J., KORNEK, G., HARTLEY, A., MESIA, R., ROBERT, C., SEGAERTAND , S. and ANG, K. 2008. Consensus guidelines for the management of radiation dermatitis and coexisting acne-like rash in patients receiving radiotherapy plus EGFR inhibitors for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Annals of Oncology doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdm400

BLACKMAR, A. 1997. Radiation-induced skin alterations. Medsurg Nurs, 6: 172-5.

BOLDERSTON, A., LLOYD, N., WONG, R., HOLDEN, L., ROBB-BLENDERMAN, L. and SUPPORTIVE CARE GUIDELINES GROUP. 2006. The prevention and management of acute skin reactions related to radiation therapy: a systematic review and practice guideline. Supportive Care in Cancer, 14: 802-817.

BOOT-VICKERS, M. and EATON, K. 1999. Skin care for patients receiving radiotherapy. Prof Nurse, 14: 706-8.

BOSTROM, A., LINDMAN, H., SWARTLING, C., BERNE, B. and BERGH, J. 2001. Potent corticosteroid cream (mometasone furoate) significantly reduces acute radiation dermatitis: results from a double-blind, randomized study. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 59: 257-265.


BROWN, K. and RZUCIDLO, E. 2011. Acute and chronic radiation injury. J. Vasc. Surg., 53: 155-215.

BURCH, S., PARKER, S., VANN, A. and ARAZIE, J. 1997. Measurement of 6-MV x-ray surface dose when topical agents are applied prior to external beam irradiation. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 38:  447-451.

BURRILL, W., LEVINE, E., HINDOCHA, P., ROBERTS, S. and SCOTT, D. 2000. The use of cryopreserved lymphocytes is assessing inter-individual radiosensitivity with the micronucleus assay. International Journal of Radiation Biology, 76: 375-382.

BUTCHER, K. and WILLIAMSON, K. 2012. Management of erythema and skin preservation; advice for patients receiving radical radiotherapy to the breast: a systematic literature review. Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice, 11, 44-54.

CAMPBELL, I. and ILLINGWORTH, M. 1992. Can patients wash during radiotherapy to the breast or chest wall? A randomized controlled trial. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol), 4: 78-82.

CAMPBELL, J. and LANE, C. 1996. Developing a skin-care protocol in radiotherapy. Prof Nurse, 12: 105-8.

CHAN, R., KELLER, J., CHEUK, R., BLADES, R., TRIPCONY, L. and KEOGH, S. 2012. A double blind randomised controlled trial of a natural oil-based emulsion (Moogoo Udder cream®) containing allantoin versus aqueous cream for managing radiation-induced skin reactions in patients with cancer. Radiation Oncology, 7: 1-7.

CHAN, R., WEBSTER, J., CHUNG, B., MARQUART, L.,  AHMED, M. and GARANTZIOTIS, S. 2014. Prevention and treatment of acute radiation-induced skin reactions: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC Cancer, 14: 53.

CHANG-CLAUDE, J., POPANDA, O., TAN, X. , KROPP, S., HELMBOLD, I., VON FOURNIER, D., HAASE, W., SAUTTER-BIHL, M., WENZ, F., SCHMEZER, P. and AMBROSENE, C. 2005. Association between polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes, XRCC1, APE1, and XPD and acute side effects of radiotherapy in breast cancer patients. Clinical Cancer Research, 11: 4802-9.

CIAMMELLA, P., PODGORNII, A., GALEANDRO, M., MICERA, R., RAMUNDO, D., PALMIERI, T., CAGNI, E. and LOTTI, C. 2014. Toxicity and cosmetic outcome of hypofractionated whole-breast radiotherapy: predictive clinical and dosimetric factors. Radiation Oncology, 9: 97 

COR, 2000. Summary of intervention for acute radiotherapy induced skin reactions in cancer patients. London, CoR.

COR, 2011. Summary of Intervention for Acute Radiotherapy Induced Skin Reactions in Cancer Patients: A clinical guideline recommended for use by The College of Radiographers.  London, CoR.

COX, J., STETZ, J. and PAJAK, T. 1995. Toxicity criteria of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

(RTOG) and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC). International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 31: 1341-1346.

CUMMING, J. and ROUTSIS, D. 2009. Are improvements needed in the managment of severe acute skin reactions following completion of breast radiotherapy? A discussion of some possible service options. Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice, 8: 11-16.

D'HAESE, S., VAN ROY, M., BATE, T., BIJDEKERKE, P. and VINH-HUNG, V. 2009. Management of skin reactions during radiotherapy in Flanders (Belgium): A study of nursing practice before and after the introduction of a skin care protocol. Eur J Oncol Nurs., doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2009.10.006.

DH., 2010. National Cancer Patient Experience Survey. London, HMSO.

DH., 2012. Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2011-2. (accessed January 2015).

DH., 2013. Radiotherapy Patient Experience Survey 2013. National Report. (accessed January  2015).

DIGGELMANN, K., ZYTKOVICZ, A., TUAINE, J., BENNETT, N.;  KELLY, L. and HERST, P. 2010. Mepilex®Lite dressings for the management of radiation-induced erythema: A systematic inpatient controlled clinical trial. Brit J Radiol, 83 (995): 971–8.

DUNNE-DALY, C.  1995. Skin and wound care in radiation oncology. Cancer Nursing, 18: 144-162. 

EL MADANI, H., COLONA, A., PENA, A., BENSUSSAN, A., BAGOT, M.TANCREDE-BOHIN, E. and DUPUY, A. 2012. In vivo multiphoton imaging of human skin: assessment of topcial corticosteroid-induced epidermis atrophy and depigmentatiion. J Biomed Opt, 17 (2): 026009.

ELLIOTT, E., WRIGHT, J., and SWANN, R. 2006. Phase III trial of an emulsion containing Trolamine for the prevention of radiation dermatitis in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: results of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial.  Journal of Clinical Oncology, 24: 2092-2097.

FACKRELL, D. 2013. The effect of Silver Sulfadiazine (Flamazine) on dose distribution during radiotherapy. UKRO, Nottingham, UK.

FAITHFULL, S., HILTON, M. and BOOTH, K. 2002. Survey of information leaflets on advice for acute radiation skin reactions in UK radiotherapy centres: a rationale for a systematic review of the literature. Eur J Oncol Nurs, 6: 176-8.

FISHER, J., SCOTT, C., STEVENS, R., MARCONI, B., CHAMPION, L., FREEDMAN, G., ASARI, F., PILEPICH, M., GAGNON, J. and WONG, G. 1999. Randomized study comparing best supportive care to Biafine as a prophylactic agent for radiation-induced skin toxicity for women undergoing breast irradiation: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 97-13. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 45: 233-234.

FISHER, J., SCOTT, C., STEVENS, R., MARCONI, B., CHAMPION, L., FREEDMAN, G. M., ASRARI, F., PILEPICH, M., GAGNON, J. and WONG, G. 2000. Randomized phase III study comparing Best Supportive Care to Biafine as a prophylactic agent for radiation-induced skin toxicity for women undergoing breast irradiation: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 97-13. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 48: 1307-1310.

FREEDMAN, G. M., ANDERSON, P. R., HAN, A. L., EISENBERG, D., NICOLAOU, N. & LI, J. 2004. Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) decreases the acute skin toxicity for large-breasted women receiving radiation therapy for breast cancer. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 60, 2112.

FREEDMAN, G., ANDERSON, P., LI, J., EISENBERG, D., HANLON, A., WANG, L. and NICOLAOU, N. 2006. Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) decreases acute skin toxicity for women receiving radiation for breast cancer. American Journal of Clinical Oncology-Cancer Clinical Trials, 29: 66-70.

FREEDMAN, G., LI, T., NICOLAOU, N., CHEN, Y., MA, C. and ANDERSON, P. 2009. Breast intensity-modulated radiation therapy reduces time spent with acute dermatitis for women of all breast sizes during radiotherapy. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 74: 689-694.

GLEAN, E., EDWARDS, S., FAITHFULL, S., MEREDITH, C., RICHARDS, C., SMITH, M. and COLYER, H. 2001. Intervention for acute radiotherapy induced skin reactions in cancer patients: the development of a clinical guideline recommended for use by the College of Radiographers. Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice, 2: 75-84.

GOSSELIN, T. 2010. Skin care. ASTRO. San Diego, USA.

GOSSELIN, T., SCHNEIDER, S., PLAMBECK, M. and ROWE, K. 2010. A prospective randomized, placebo-controlled skin care study in women diagnosed with breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy. Oncol Nurs Forum, 37: 619-626.

GRAHAM,  P.,  PLANT, N., GRAHAM, J., BROWNE, L., BORG, M., CAPP, A. et al. 2013. A paired, double-blind, randomized comparison of a moisturizing durable barrier cream to 10% glycerine cream in the prophylactic management of postmastectomy irradiation skin care: trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) 04.01. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 86 (1):45-50.

HADDAD, P., AMOUZGAR-HASHIMI, F., SAMSAMI, S., CHINICHIAN, S. and OGHABIAN, M., A. 2013. Aloe vera for prevention of radiation-induced dermatitis: a self-controlled clinical trial. Current Oncology, e345-8.

HARDEFELDT, P., EDIRIMANNE, S. and ESLICK, G. 2012. Letter to the editor: Deodorant use and the risk of skin toxicity in patients undergoing radiation therapy for breast cancer: a meta- analysis. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 105: 378-379.

HARRIS, R. 1997. Consistency of patient information ... Is this happening? Cancer Nursing, 20: 274-276.

HARRIS, R. 2002a. Guidelines for grade iii radiotherapy skin reactions. ESTRO, Prague, Czech Republic.

HARRIS, R. 2002b. Skin care in Radiation Therapy. ASRT, New Orleans, USA.

HARRIS, R., PROBST, H., BEARDMORE, C., JAMES, S., DUMBLETON, C., BOLDERSTON, A., FAITHFULL, S., WELLS, M., SOUTHGATE, E., 2012.  Radiotherapy skin care; A survey of practice in the UK. Radiography, 18: 21-27

HARSOLIA, A., KESTIN, L., GRILLS, I., WALLACE, M., JOLLY, S., JONES, C., LALA, M., MARTINEZ, A., SCHELL, S. and VICINI, F.. 2007. In clinical toxicities compared with conventional wedge-based breast radiotherapy. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 68: 1375-1380.

HARSOLIA, A., KESTIN, L., WALLACE, M., JONES, C. and VICINI, F. A. 2006. Intensity modulated radiation therapy results in a significant decrease in clinical toxicities when compared to conventional wedge based radiation therapy. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 66(3): S174-S175.

HEGGIE, S., BRYANT , G., TRIPCONY, L., KELLER, J., ROSE, P., GLENDENNING, M. and HEATH, J. 2002. A  Phase III study on the efficacy of topical aloe vera gel on irradiated breast tissue. Cancer Nursing, 25: 442-51.

HERST, P., BENNETT, N., SUTHERLAND, A., PESZYNSKI, R., PATERSON, D. and JASPERSE, M. 2014. Prophylactic use of Mepitel Film prevents radiation-induced moist desquamation in an intra-patient randomised controlled clinical trial of 78 breast cancer patients. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 110: 137-143.

HINDLEY, A. and DUNN, K. 2013. Mometasone Furoate Significantly Reduces Radiation Dermatitis in Patients Undergoing Breast Radiotherapy:  A Double-blind Randomised Control Trial in 120 Patients. ASTRO, Atlanta, USA and UKRO, Nottingham, UK.

HORNSBY, C. 2006. Best practice in radiotherapy skin care. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 81: 26.

IWAKAWA, M., NODA, S., YAMADA, S., YAMAMOTO, N., MIYAZAWA, Y., YAMAZAKI, H., KAWAKAMI, Y., MATSUI, Y., TSUJII, H., MIZOE, J., ODA, E., FUKUNAGA, Y. and IMAI, T. 2006. Analysis of non-genetic risk factors for adverse skin reactions to radiotherapy among 284 breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer, 13: 300-7.

JAMES, M., HIDER, P., JEFFERY, M., HICKEY,B. and FRANCIS, D. 2010.  Fraction size in radiation treatment for breast conservation in early breast cancer (review). The Cochrane Collaboration Review, Issue 11. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003860.pub3

JENSEN, J., GAU, T., SCHYULTEZ, J., LEMMNITZ, G., FOLSTER-HOLST, R., MAY, T., ABELS, C. and PROKSCH, E. 2011. Treatment of acute radiodermatitis with an oil-in-water emulsion following radiation therapy for breast cancer: a controlled, randomized trial. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie, 187: 378-84.

JONES, J. 1998. How to manage skin reactions to radiation therapy. Nursing  98, Australasia. 

KAUFMAN, T., KALDERON, N., ULLMAN, Y. and BERGER, J. 1988. Aloe vera gel hindered wound healing of experimental second-degree burns: a quantitative controlled study. J Burn Care Rehabilitation, 9: 156-159.

KEDGE, E. 2009. A systematic review to investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of interventions for moist desquamation in radiotherapy patients. Radiography, 15: 247-257.

KIROVA, Y., FROMANTIN, I., DE RYCHE, Y., FOURQUET, A., MORVAN, E., PADIGIONE, S., FALCOU, M., CAMPANA, F. and BOLLET, M. 2011. Can we decrease the skin reaction in breast cancer patients using hyaluronic acid during radiation therapy? Results of phase III randomised trial. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 100: 205-9.

KOMARNICKI, J. 2010. Calgary study finds cancer patients able to use deodorant during therapy. Edmonton Journal. The Calgary Herald, Canada.

KORINKO, A. and YURICK, A. 1997. Maintaining skin integrity during radiation therapy. American Journal of Nursing, 97: 40-44.

KOUVARIS, J., KOULOULIAS, V., PLATANIOTIS, G., BALAFOUTA, E. and VLAHOS, L. 2001. Dermatitis during radiation for vulvar carcinoma: prevention and treatment with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor impregnated gauze. Wound Repair and Regeneration, 9: 187-193.

KUNZ, R. and OXMAN, A. 1998. The unpredictability paradox: review of empirical comparisons of randomised and non-randomised clinical trials. BMJ, 317(7167):1185-90.

LAKSHMI, C., SRINIVAS, C., ANAND, C. and MATHEW, A. 2008. Irritant ranking of 31 cleansers in the Indian market in a 24hr patch test. International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 30(4): 233-311.

LAVERY, B. 1995. Skin care during radiotherapy: a survey of UK practice. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol), 7: 184-7.

LAWTON, J. and TWOOMEY, M. 1991. Breast care. Skin reactions to radiotherapy. Nurs Stand, 6,: 53-4.

LEWIS, L., CARSON, S., BYDDER, S., ATHIFA, M., WILLIAMS, AM., BREMNER, A. 2014 Evaluating the

effects of aluminium-containing and non-aluminium-containing deodorants on axillary skin toxicity

during radiation therapy for breast cancer: a 3-armed, randomised controlled trial. International

Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics, 90(4): 765-71

LIGUORI, V., GUILLEMIN, C., PESCE, G., MIRIMANOFF, R.  and BERNIER, J. 1997. Double-blind, randomized clinical study comparing hyaluronic acid cream to placebo in patients treated with radiotherapy. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 42: 155-161.

LINCZ, L., GUPTA, S., WRATTEN, C., KILMURRAY, J., NASH, S., SELDON, M., O’BRIEN, P., BELL, K. et al. 2009. Thrombin generation as a predictor of radiotherapy induced skin erythema. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 90(1): 136-140.

LOCK, M. and REMPEL, M. 2013. What’s New? Current practices and new investigations in the area of skin care management in radiation therapy. RTi3 Conference, 3M sponsored webinar, Toronto, Canada.

LOPEZ, E., NUNEZ, M., GUERRERO, M., DEL MORAL, R., LUNA, J., RODRIGUEZ, M., VALENZUELA, M. VILLALOBOS, M. and RUIZ DE ALMODOVAR, J. 2002. Breast cancer acute radiotherapy morbidity evaluated by different scoring systems. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 73: 127-134.

LÓPEZ, P., SORIANO, P., GONZÁLEZ, A., CRESPO, B., LÓPEZ, E. & LÓPEZ, R. 2013. Silver-containing Hydrofiber® dressings to prevent progression of the radiation dermatitis in patients undergoing external beam radiotherapy and orthovoltage to the skin cancer.  Reports of Practical Oncology & Radiotherapy, 18, Supp. 1: S209

MCQUESTION, M. 2006. Evidence-based skin care management in radiation therapy. Semin Oncol Nurs, 22: 163-73.

MCQUESTION, M. 2011. Evidence-based skin care management in radiation therapy: clinical update. Semin Oncol Nurs, 27: e1-17.

MILLER, R., SCHWARTZ, D., SLOAN , J., GRIFFIN, P., DEMING, R., ANDERS, J., STOFFEL, T., HASELOW, R., SCHAEFER, P.,  BEARDEN, J., ATHERTON, P., LOPRINZI, C. and MARTENSON, J. 2011. Mometasone furoate effect on acute skin toxicity in breast cancer patients receiving radiotherapy: a phase III double-blind, randomized trial from the North Central Cancer Treatment Group N06C4. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 79(5): 1460-1466.

MORLEY, L.; CASHELL, A.; SPERDUTI, A.; McQUESTION, M. and CHOW, J. 2013. Evaluating the relevance of dosimetric considerations to patient instructions regarding skin care during radiation therapy. Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice. doi: 10.1017/514603969/3000241

NAYLOR, W. and MALLETT, J. 2001. Management of acute radiotherapy induced skin reactions: a literature review. Eur J Oncol Nurs, 5: 221-33.

NHS National Cancer Peer Review MANUAL FOR CANCER SERVICES - Topic 3E Measures Generated by

NHS Scotland, Q. I. S. 2004. Skincare of Patients Receiving Radiotherapy. Best Practice Statement Edinburgh, NHS Quality Improvement Scotland.

NHS Scotland, Q. I. S. 2010. Skincare of Patients Receiving Radiotherapy. Best Practice Statement   Edinburgh, NHS Quality Improvement Scotland.

NIAZI, T., VUONG, T., AZOULAY, L., MARIJNEN, C., BUJKO, K., NASR, E., LAMBERT, C., DUCLOS, M., FARIA, S., DAVID, M. and CUMMINGS, B. 2012. Silver clear nylon dressing is effective in preventing radiation-induced dermatitis in patients with lower gastrointestinal cancer: results from a phase III study. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics , 84 (3): e305-10.

NOBLE-ADAMS, R. 1999. Radiation-induced skin reactions 3: evaluating the RISRAS. British Journal of Nursing, 8: 1305-1312.

O'SHEA, E., COFFEY, M., MORIARTY, M. and THIRION, R. 2003. Developing guidelines for acute skin care management in radiotherapy. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 68: S20-S20.

OLSEN, D., RAUB, W., BRADLEY, C., JOHNSON, M., MACIAS, J., LOVE, V. and MARKOE, A. 2001. The effect of aloe vera gel/mild soap versus mild soap alone in preventing skin reactions in patients undergoing radiation therapy. Oncol Nurs Forum, 28: 543-7.

PATEL, A., VARMA, S., BATCHELOR, J. and LAWTON, P. 2013. Letter: Why aqueous cream should not be used in radiotherapy induced skin reactions. Clinical Oncology, 25: 272.

PATERSON, D., POONAM P,  BENNETT, N., PESZYNSKI, R., van BEEKHUIZEN, M., JASPERSE, M. and HERST, P. 2012. Randomized Intra-patient Controlled Trial of Mepilex® Lite Dressings versus Aqueous Cream in Managing Radiation-Induced Skin Reactions Post-mastectomy. J Cancer Sci Ther., 4(11):347-56.

PIGNOL, J., OLIVOTTO, I., RAKOVITCH, E., GARDNER, S., SIXEL, K., BECKHAM, W., VU, T., TRUONG, P., ACKERMAN, I. and PASZAT, L. 2008. A multicenter randomized trial of breast intensity-modulated radiation therapy to reduce acute radiation dermatitis. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 26: 2085-2092.

PINAR, B., LARA, P., LLORET, M., BORDON, E., NUNEZ, M. , VILLALOBOS, M., GUERRERO, R., LUNA, J. D. and RUIZ DE ALMODOVAR, J. 2007. Radiation-induced DNA damage as a predicator of long-term toxicity in locally advanced breast cancer patients treated with high-dose hyperfractionated radical radiotherapy. Radiation Research, 168:  415-22.

POMMIER, P., GOMEZ, F., SUNYACH, M. P., D'HOMBRES, A., CARRIE, C. and MONTBARBON, X. 2004. Phase III randomized trial of Calendula Officinalis compared with trolamine for the prevention of acute dermatitis during irradiation for breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 22: 1447-1453.

POPANDA, O., EBBELER, R., TWARDELLA, D., HELMBOLD, I., GOTZES, F., SCHMEZER, P., THIELMANN, H., FOURNIER, C., HAASE, W., SAUTTER-BIHL, M., WENZ, F., BARTSCH, H. and CHANG-CLAUDE, J. 2003. Radiation-induced DNA damage and repair in lymphocytes from breast cancer patients and their correlation with acute skin reactions to radiotherapy. International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics, 55: 1216-1225.

POROCK, D. and KRISTJANSON, L. 1999a. Skin reactions during radiotherapy for breast cancer: the use and impact of topical agents and dressings. European Journal of Cancer Care, 8: 143-153.

POROCK, D., KRISTJANSON, L., NIKOLETTI, S., CAMERON, F. and PEDLER, P. 1998. Predicting the severity of radiation skin reactions in women with breast cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum, 25: 1019-29.

POROCK, D., NIKOLETTI, S. and KRISTJANSON, L. 1999b. Management of radiation skin reactions: literature review and clinical application. Plast Surg Nurs, 19: 185-92.

PRICE ,S., WILLIAMS, M., BUTSON, M and METCALFE, P. 2006. Comparison of skin dose between conventional radiotherapy and IMRT. Australas Phys Eng Sci Med., 29: 272-7.

RCR.  2008. The timely delivery of radical radiotherapy: standards and guidelines for the management of unscheduled treatment interruptions. 3rd Edition, London, RCR.

RICE, A. 1997. An introduction to radiotherapy. Nursing Standard, 12:  49-54.

RICHARDSON, J., SMITH, J., MCINTYRE, M.; THOMAS, R. and PILKINGTON, K. 2005. Aloe Vera for preventing radiation-induced skin reactions. Clinical Oncology, 17: 478-484.

ROBERTSON, K. and BROWN, P. 2011. Mild soaps and radiotherapy: A survey of the UK public to identify brands of soap considered mild and analysis of these to ascertain suitability for recommendation in radiotherapy departments. European Journal of Cancer Care, 20: 315-321.

ROY, I., FORTIN, A. and LAROCHELLE, M. 2001. The impact of skin washing with water and soap during breast irradiation: a randomized study. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 58: 333-339.

RUDD, N. and DEMPSEY, S. 2002. Acute skin reaction and psychological benefit of washing with a mild cleansing agent during radiation therapy to the breast or chest wall: a randomised control trial. Radiographer, 49:  97-102.

RUSSELL, N. 2010. A review of the management of skin reactions. ESTRO, Barcelona, Spain.

RUSSELL, N., KNAKEN, H., BRUINVIS, I., HART, A., BEGG, A. and LEBESQUE, J. 1994. Quantification of patient to patient variation of skin erythema developing as a response to radiotherapy. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 30: 213-221.

RYAN, J. 2012. Ionizing radiation: the good, the bad, and the ugly.  J Invest Dermatol, 132: 985-993.

SCHLOSSER, R., WENDT, O., BHAVNANI, S. and NAIL-CHIWETALU, B. 2006. Use of information-seeking strategies for developing systematic reviews and engaging in evidence-based practice: the application of traditional and Comprehensive Pearl Growing: A review. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 41: 567-82.

SCHNUR, J., LOVE, B., SCHECKNER, B., GREEN, S., WERNICKE, G. and MONTGOMERY, G. 2013. A systematic review of patient related measures of radiodermatitis in breast cancer radiotherapy. American Journal of Clinical Oncology, 34: 529-536.

SCHRECK, U., PAULSEN, F., BAMBERG, M. and BUDACH, W. 2002. Intraindividual comparison of two different skin care conceptions in patients undergoing radiotherapy of the head-and-neck region. Creme or powder? Strahlentherapie und Onkologie, 178:  321-9.

SCOTT, A. 2013. Involving patients in the monitoring of radiotherapy-induced skin reactions. Journal of Community Nursing, 27: 16-22  

SCOTT, A. 2014. Polymeric membrane dressings for radiotherapy-induced skin damage British Journal of Nursing (Oncology Supplement), 23, No 10.

SHARP, L., JOHANSSON, H., HATSCHEK, T. and BERGENMAR, M. (2013) (a). Smoking as an independent risk factor for severe skin reactions due to adjuvant radiotherapy for breast cancer. Breast, 22(5): 634-638.

SHARP, L., FINNILA, K., JOHANSSON, H., ABRAHAMSSON, M.; HATSCHEK, T. and BERGENMAR, M. (2013) (b). No differences between Calendula cream and aqueous cream in the prevention of acute radiation skin reactions--results from a randomised blinded trial. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 17(4):429-35.

SITTON, E. 1992. Early and late radiation-induced skin alterations. Part II: Nursing care of irradiated skin. Oncol Nurs Forum, 19: 907-12.

SNYDER, D. and GREENBERG, R. 1977. Radiographic measurement of topical corticosteroid-induced atrophy. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 69: 279-281.

SPERDUTI, A., CASHELL, A., ROCCA, C., HIRJI, A. and BILLINGSLEY, S. 2006. A feasibility study of an internal control methodology using hydrocortisone cream for the management of skin reactions in patients receiving radical radiation therapy for cancers of the head and neck. Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice, 5: 211-218. 

SUGA, T., ISHIKAWA, A., KOHDA, M., OTSUKA, Y. and YAMADA, S. 2007. Haplotype-based analysis of genes associated with risk of adverse akin reactions after radiotherapy in breast cancer patients. International Journal of radiation Oncology Biology and Physics, 69: 685-93.

SWAMY, U., ASHAMALLA, H. and GUIRGUIS, A. 2009. A nationwide survey of radiation oncologists' management practices of radiation-induced skin reaction (RISK). Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice, 8: 195-205.

TRUEMAN, E. 2013. Managing Radiotherapy-induced skin reactions in the community. Journal of Community Nursing, 27: 16-24.

TSANG, M. and GUY, R. 2010. Effect of Aqueous Cream BP on human stratum corneum in vivo. British Journal of Dermatology, 163: 954-958.

TUCKER, S.,TURESSON, I. and THAMES, H. 1992. Evidence for individual differences in the radiosensitivity of human skin. European Journal of Cancer, 28A: 1783-1791.

TURESSON, I., NYMAN, J., HOLMBERG, E. and ODEN, A. 1996. Prognostic factors for acute and late skin reactions in radiotherapy patients. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 36: 1065-1075.

TWARDELLA, D., POPANDA, O., HELMBOLD, I., EBBELER, R., BENNER, A., FOURNIER, D., HAASE, W., SAUTTER-BIHL, M. L., WENZ, F., SCHMEZER, P. and CHANG-CLAUDE, J. 2003. Personal characteristics, therapy modalities and individual DNA repair capacity as predictive factors of acute skin toxicity in an unselected cohort of breast cancer patients receiving radiotherapy. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 69: 145-153.

ULFF, E., MAROTI , M., SERUP, J. and FALKMER, U. 2013. A potent steroid cream is superior to emollients in reducing acute radiation dermatitis in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy. A randomised study of betamethasone versus two moisturizing creams. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 108: 287-92.

UZARAGA, I., GERBIS, B., HOLWERDA, E., GILLIS, D. and WAI, E. 2012. Topical amitriptyline, ketamine, and lidocaine in neuropathic pain caused by radiation skin reaction: a pilot study. Supportive Care in Cancer, 20: 1515-24.

WAN, N., ZHAN, F., LU, Y., and TIEFENBACHER, J. (2012). Access to Health Care & Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Survival in Texas. Health  Place, 18(2): 321-329. 

WATSON, L., GIES, D., THOMPSON, E. and THOMAS, B. 2012. Randomized Control Trial: Evaluating Aluminum-Based Antiperspirant Use, Axilla Skin Toxicity, and Reported Quality of Life in Women Receiving External Beam Radiotherapy for Treatment of Stage 0, I, and II Breast Cancer. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 83 (1):  e29-e34.

WELLS, M., MACMILLAN, M., RAAB, G., MACBRIDE, S., BELL, N., MACKINNON, K., MACDOUGALL, H., SAMUEL, L. and MUNRO, A. 2004. Does aqueous or sucralfate cream affect the severity of erythematous radiation skin reactions? A randomised controlled trial. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 73: 153-162.

WESTBURY, C., HINES, F., HAWKES, E., ASHLEY, S. and BRADA, M. 2000. Advice on hair and scalp care during cranial radiotherapy: a prospective randomized trial. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 54: 109-116.

WILLIAMS, M., BURK, M., LOPRINZI, C., HILL, M., SCHOMBERG, P.,  NEARHOOD, K., OFALLON, J., LAURIE, J., SHANAHAN, T., MOORE, R., URIAS, R., KUSKE, R., ENGEL, R. and EGGLESTON, W. 1996. Phase III double-blind evaluation of an aloe vera gel as a prophylactic agent for radiation-induced skin toxicity. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 36: 345-349.

WONG, R., BENSADOUN, R-J., BOERS-DOETS, C., BRYCE. J., CHAN, A., EPSTEIN, J., EABY-SANDY, B. and LACOUTURE, M. 2013. Clinical practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of acute and late radiation reactions from the MASCC skin toxicity study group. Support in Cancer Care, 21(10): 2933-2948.

ZENDA, S., ISHI, S., KAWASHIMA, M., ARAHIRA, S., TAHARA, M., HAYASHI, R., KISHIMOTO, S. and ICHIHASHI, T. 2013. A Dermatitis control program (DeCoP) for head and neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy: a prospective phase II study. International journal of Clinical Oncology, 18: 350-355.

ZHONG, W-H., TANG, Q-F., HU, L-Y., FENG, H-X.  2013. Mepilex® Lite dressings for managing acute radiation dermatitis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients: a systematic controlled clinical trial. Medical Oncology, 30(4): 761. doi: 10.1007/s12032-013-0761-y.

Content tools

Accessibility controls

Text size